My momentum on this blog abruptly dropped off since I fulfilled my 5-day commitment to post daily. I’ve been contemplating why this happened and how I could best remedy it. My answers are fairly simple: this happened because last week, other commitments took higher priority; I can remedy it by evaluating my priorities such that I post more regularly and maintain that forward energy.
This is a perfect example of how life can “get in the way” of the best-laid plans – and how I adjust when that happens. Thus, I’m making it into what we education dorks call a “teachable moment.”
Takeaway #1: Life can’t get in the way of itself – but I can get in my own way.
Much like a winding river, life can change course, swell and ebb, or go from tranquility to rapids in nothing flat. Really, the only predictable thing about life is its unpredictability. Thus, I have come to expect the unexpected, as the saying goes, rather than resist it when it happens. When I try to change things that I can’t control, I am wasting time and energy that I could be devoting to what I actually can change. This is by no means a trait exclusive to those of us with executive dysfunctions. However, it is exacerbated for us because of…
Takeaway #2: Prioritization is counterintuitive to my ADD brain – but I can create structures that make it make more sense.
Prioritization is a baffling concept when your brain can’t naturally analyze and synthesize information (a.k.a., break big things down into smaller components and incorporate small things into the big picture). Of all the typical ADD issues I’ve dealt with, learning to prioritize has been one of the most difficult. However, in recent months I’ve stumbled upon a few tools that help me tame that beast. I now have a few simple questions I ask myself in moments of overwhelmed paralysis that tame the discombobulated beast:
- Do any of the 50 things in my head need to be done right now – i.e., I won’t be able to do them another time, or they are time-specific? If so, I do them. If not, I move on to question 2.
- Which of these things can wait til another day? An hour from now? Five minutes from now? I write these down and put them away for now.
- What’s the least common denominator – the one task or event, big or small, that will get everything else moving once it’s done? (This can be likened to the first domino that, when tapped, pushes all the others forward.) Whether it’s calling to reschedule my dentist’s appointment to accommodate a schedule change, or posting an ad to sell my truck so I can get money to make my Big Move, the least common denominator is the key to getting un-stuck and is often synonymous with the Next Step.
My prioritization abilities were significantly helped by Stephen Covey’s priority matrix (see 2×2 grid by intro) because my biggest hangup in prioritizing is discerning between urgent and important. More on this in a later post.
This lesson was one of the hardest to get through my head. Once I got it, though, I had a much easier time prioritizing. My priorities necessarily fluctuate as old projects end and new ones begin, as commitments ebb and flow, as I come into contact with people and information, and as circumstances change. Thus, in order to be effective in my life, I must constantly examine and evaluate my commitments, tasks, obligations and needs and rearrange them as needed. This practice is called taking inventory. I do it on many scales, from in-the-moment, to daily review, to weekly review, to monthly review. I’ll go into greater detail on the review process in an upcoming post.
At the beginning of this period, my major priorities were as follows: (1) prepping for my move across the pond, (2) developing this blog and my online presence, (3) work and other standing obligations, and (4) everything else.
Starting around the time of my last post, money (or a lack thereof) became a pressing issue when I got my first paycheck since my 25% reduction in hours at my office job (I work for a nonprofit that I love, but is financially struggling). With that came an onslaught of other (related) issues, many in the form of fears: how am I going to pay for groceries? Will I have enough for my phone bill next week? What about next month’s rent? Within seconds, I had gone from looking at a piece of paper with a low number on it to worrying that I wouldn’t be able to afford to move to Paris and all of my hopes and dreams would come crashing down in chaotic despair. In other words, I was spiralling.
So how did I stop the spiral?
I took a deep breath. I gave myself permission to take a 5 to 10-minute break at work. I took another deep breath and exhaled slowly. I asked myself (aloud, because I talk to myself frequently) the three questions from Takeaway #2, and determined that the Least Common Denominator and Next Step was to write out my budget for the rest of the month – projected income, known expenses – and see how much I was going to be short and at what point. This gave me a clear view of the big picture in which I needed to collect and organize my small things.
- That night, posted several items on Craigslist that I’ve been meaning to sell
- The next day, went into my old restaurant job to propose a mutually beneficial arrangement where I worked some shorthanded breakfast shifts while they found a more permanent employee
- Sent out resumes to temp/catering companies on Craigslist
- Re-posted the ad for my truck on Craigslist and the local paper’s site
A couple of days later, through a series of serendipitous events that began while I was out with my dog and chatting with a neighbor, I landed a two-week gig installing internet boxes for the neighbor’s boyfriend’s IT company – which will net me enough to finance October’s rent, miscellaneous expenses (i.e., groceries) and the epic hiking trip my good friend and I have been planning for the first week of October (which will constitute a digital sabbatical for me).
Notice that #3 in that list does not appear in previous lists even though it consists of things I do every day. The reason for this: when I know I’m going to be unusually busy, I have to consciously make time for those maintenance activities, because they end up being the first sacrificed even though their upkeep is essential to my success in those things that are making me so busy.
So, how do you take inventory? What are your major priorities and how do you order and re-order them? What is your biggest challenge in prioritization?
In the realm of time management and productivity, I draw inspiration from several outside sources. In terms of developing a consistent system, I have adapted some of my recommendations from David Allen’s Getting Things Done: The Art of Stress-Free Productivity, an organization book geared toward business professionals that can be (mostly) translated to any and all areas of life. Although it is definitely written from the perspective of a highly privileged, upper-class, able-bodied, educated, heterosexual, white American male, this book is an anomaly among mainstream organizing approaches in that many of its tools can be used by people with ADD and other executive function disorders.
A keystone of David’s system – and my own, which incorporates tactics from other sources as well as my own special brain – is what he calls a Next Actions list and what I have dubbed a Next Steps list. This is not the same as a to-do list, which for most people includes everything from two-minute actions like “Call for a hair appointment” to gargantuan undertakings like “Achieve world peace.” A Next Steps list provides an easy reference for specific, actionable tasks – those which you can do, which will move you forward. David’s explanation of this concept provided me a lightbulb moment as far as what wasn’t working in my attempts at time management – especially why it seemed that I could rarely accomplish much of what was on my to-do list. In this aspect, people with and without AD/HD have a common problem: differentiating between “projects” and “actions.”
For example, one cannot, in one fell swoop, “Find a better job.” If that’s on your to-do list, chances are it’s been there for a while and frustrates you every time you see it. You cannot “do” that item because it is a multistep process. It is therefore pointless to put it on your list of actionable items. In this example, “Find a better job” is a project, not an action. In order to execute a project, you first have to break it down to its Fundamental First Step. The process of doing so is often, itself, the Fundamental First Step — breaking things down is an action. Its key question is “What has to happen first?” and it looks something like this:
Big Picture: Find a Better Job
What has to happen first?
- Interview for Jobs
- Update my resume
- Search for Available Jobs
What has to happen before any of these can be done?
→ Determine what kind of new job I want
- A. Stay in current field
- B. Do something else
From here, my next action will vary, depending on whether I choose A or B:
- (If A) Update my resume
- (If B) Brainstorm what “something else” entails (which breaks down into several other steps, but we will stop here for the purposes of this illustration)
And so forth. For me, drawing this out mind-mapping style is more effective than typing it out; I encourage you to experiment and find your own method. Please note:The point of this exercise is not to outline, in minute detail, every step in the process of reaching your goal (though it does provide a convenient overview of the stages you’ll go through). The point is to find the Next Step you need to take to move toward your goal.
So, key terms:
- Project or Goal: Any task that has more than one step (i.e., “Find a better job”)
- Action or Step: Any single-step, “do-able” task; always begins with a verb (i.e., “Call Bob for a reference,” “Review my resume”)
- Fundamental First Step: The action you must take toward a goal/project before any further actions can be taken. (i.e., in order to “Find a better job,” you must first determine what kind of job you want; once you’ve determined that, you can do things like update your resume, browse Craigslist for available positions, etc.).
- Next Step or Next Action: Literally, the immediate, next step toward your goal; what must be done before anything else can occur.
**The most important thing to understand about Next Steps – and everything we will talk about from here on out – is that they are self-perpetuating; in taking one, the step that comes after it will be revealed.**
For example, when you call Bob for a reference, he may tell you that he heard of an opening at this great new web organization, or say something that brings to mind a key point for your resume. Even if nothing more than the intended reference comes out of the phone call, you have already broken down your goal enough to easily extract a Next Action from your brainstorming; this becomes more intuitive as time goes on (and, as we translate this concept into a system, you’ll have a master list to refer to when you feel “stuck”).
This means that almost as soon as you reframe your approach to the traditional “to-do” list, all the hours you used to spend painstakingly outlining your step-by-step plan of action will be completely unnecessary – a thought both scary and liberating. Scary because you have to give up the (erroneous) idea that you can know and control exactly what will happen on the way to your goal; liberating because you will quickly find that you have a lot more time to devote to doing your goals rather than planning them.
Disclaimer: This does not mean that you will not be thinking ahead or that you will be acting with reckless abandon – quite the opposite, in fact. Planning and reviewing are key parts of the process of time management and goal-accomplishment – but ones that will take up very little of your time once your system is in place.
What is the Next Step you can take toward your current goal?
(Next post: An overview of the system.)